Readiness Analysis of Regional Innovation Implementation

  • Sitti Aminah Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Dyah Kusuma Wardani Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Home Affairs

Abstract

The implementation of regional innovation has not been effective in improving public services and regional competitiveness. Several factors are considered to be an obstacle to implementing regional innovation, namely regulation, institutions, culture and leadership. The purpose of this study is to analyze the readiness of innovation support factors and also to analyze the relationship between these factors in the implementation of regional innovation. Data were collected by interviews and questionnaires distributed in July, August, and September 2016 in 7 (seven) Districts selected to represent HDI High areas, such as Palembang, Surakarta, Bandung and Batam and also represented Low HDI areas: Pesawaran, Bangkalan, and West Lombok. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistic and Pearson Correlation with SPSS ver.16 program. The results showed that the readiness of factors of factorization interpretation, regulatory readiness, leadership, innovation culture, and facilities and infrastructure were in high category, while the preparedness factor from the coordination and facilitation faced by stakeholders was also low category cooperation. The results show that all the factors supporting innovation except for facilitation and coordination in high HDI areas are superior to low HDI areas. The relationship between the supporting factors reveals that there are three types of relationships: very important, important, and not very important. Local innovation development strategies consist of core strategies and support strategies.

References

Ancok, D. (2012). Psikologi Kepemimpinan & Inovasi. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Carayannis, E. G., Barth, T. D., & Campbell, D. F. (2012). The Quintuple Helix innovation model: global warming as a challenge and driver for innovation. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 1–12. http://doi.org/10.1186/2192-5372-1-2
Dell’Anno, D., & del Giudice, M. (2015). Absorptive and desorptive capacity of actors within university-industry relations: does technology transfer matter? Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 4(1), 13. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13731-015-0028-2
Dwiyanto, A. (2015). Reformasi Birokrasi Kontekstual. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Edquist, C. (2001). The Systems of Innovation Approach and Innovation Policy: An account of the state of the art. In DRUID Conference, Aalborg. Aalborg.
Edquist, C., & Hommen, L. (Eds.). (2008). Small Country Innovation Systems: Globalization, Change and Policy in Asia and Europe. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. http://doi.org/10.4337/9781847209993
Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Research Policy, 29(2), 109–123. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00055-4
Etzkowitz, H., & Ranga, M. (2010). A Triple Helix System for Knowledge-based Regional Development : From “Spheres” to “Spaces.” In VIII Triple Helix Conference (pp. 1–29). Madrid.
European Commission. (2013). Powering European Public Sector Innovation: Towards A New Architecture. Report of the Expert Group on Public Sector Innovation. http://doi.org/10.2777/51054
Handayani, W., Setyono, J. S., Sophianingrum, M., & Kusharsanto, Z. S. (2012). Kajian Pengembangan Sistem Inovasi Daerah (SIDa) Kota Semarang. Riptek, 6(2), 1–16.
Handayani, W., Sophianingrum, M., & Nutriandini, U. (2013). Kajian Roadmap Pengembangan Sistem Inovasi Daerah (SIDa) Kota Semarang. Riptek, 7(2), 97–108.
Imanudin, M. (2016). Penilaian Inovasi Pelayanan Publik. In Seminar Nasional Inovasi Daerah BPP Kemendagri. Jakarta, Indonesia.
James, T. (Ed.). (2010). Enhancing Innovation in South Africa: The COFISA Experience. Pretoria: Department of Science and Technology, Government of South Africa.
Kimatu, J. N. (2016). Evolution of strategic interactions from the triple to quad helix innovation models for sustainable development in the era of globalization. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 5(1), 16. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13731-016-0044-x
Lembaga Administrasi Negara. (2016). Penilaian Inovasi di Sektor Publik. In Seminar Kajian Strategi Penilaian Inovasi Daerah BPP Kemendagri. Jakarta, Indonesia.
Mulgan, G., & Albury, D. (2003, October). Innovation in the public sector. London, UK.
Natalisa, D. (2016). Inovasi Pelayanan Publik untuk Peningkatan Kualitas Pelayanan Publik. In Seminar Nasional Inovasi Daerah BPP Kemendagri. Jakarta.
Pramusinto, A. (2016). Mendorong Perubahan dari Luar: Ke Arah Birokrasi Indonesia yang Demokratis dan Melayani. In Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar Ilmu Administrasi Negara FISIP UGM. Yogyakarta.
Purnomo, D., Pujianto, T., & Efendi, N. (2015). Unpad – Ibu Popon Collaboration; A Best Practice in Sustainable Assistance Model for Social Entrepreneurship in Agro-industrial Based SME’s. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 3, 206–210. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aaspro.2015.01.040
Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations (5th ed.). New York: The Free Press.
Saparita, R., Dyah, S., Abbas, A., & Hidajat, E. W. (2015). Membangun Sistem Inovasi untuk Kesejahteraan Masyarakat. Jakarta: LIPI Press.
Sumardjo. (1999). Transformasi Model Penyuluhan Pertanian Menuju Pengembangan Kemandirian Petani (Kasus di Propinsi Jawa Barat). Bogor Agricultural University. Retrieved from http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/42580
Sumarto, H. S. (2009). Inovasi, partisipasi dan good governance: 20 prakarsa inovatif dan partisipatif di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Taufik, T. A. (2005). Pengembangan Sistem Inovasi Daerah: Perspektif Kebijakan. Jakarta: BPPT.
The World Bank. (2007). Enhancing Agricultural Innovation: How to Go Beyond the Strengthening of Research Systems. Washington, DC: The World Bank. http://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-6741-4
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2010). Enhancing food security in Africa through science, technology and innovation. Technology and Innovation Report 2010. New York and Geneva: United Nations Publication. Retrieved from http://unctad.org/en/Docs/tir2009_en.pdf
Published
2018-05-12
How to Cite
AMINAH, Sitti; WARDANI, Dyah Kusuma. Readiness Analysis of Regional Innovation Implementation. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 13-26, may 2018. ISSN 2503-3360. Available at: <http://binaprajajournal.com/ojs/index.php/jbp/article/view/368>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.10.2018.13-26.
Section
Articles