Acceleration Model of Child-Friendly City/District in Lampung Province

  • Noverman Duadji Jurusan Administrasi Negara Fisip Unila/Peneliti Puslitbang Wanita, Anak dan Pembangunan LPPM Unila
  • Novita Tresiana Jurusan Administrasi Negara Fisip Unila/Peneliti Puslitbang Wanita, Anak dan Pembangunan LPPM Unila
  • Rahmah Dianti Putri Jurusan Manajemen FKIP Unila

Abstract

Lampung Province has issued several children programs, but its implementation is still not maximal. Such conditions are possible because, in the context of the actors and substance, the KLA (Kota Layak Anak or Child-Friendly City) program still positions the local government as a single actor. The issue of children has not been the center of attention in the overall development policy. Sectoral, segmented, and structured children programs do not involve community potential. Such patterns and modeling are the products of top-down planning. That is, the location of the constraints is in the centralized model as the applied planning model. Related to this, hence more comprehensive, integrated methods, models and ways to achieve the objectives of KLA program of Lampung Province are required. The purpose of this study is to explain: 1) various central issues of child’s problems, potentials of community institutional support and 2) model structure and phases of acceleration of city/district proper for children that can fulfill child rights, child protection, and child development. On the basis of the expected objectives, used the descriptive qualitative method. The research findings: 1) there are still many problems that occur in Lampung Province; 2) This study provides an overview of the potential of community institutions that have concerns about child issues and support for local government policy, but both are not synergistic, development programs are still implemented partially, segmented, sectoral, not yet integrated and less involving or inclusive to community potential. It can be concluded that the solution that can be developed is to build a collaborative planning model based on dialogue in multi-stakeholder forums as a strategic material for the city/district in accordance with the implementation of the 3 stages which become the acceleration area of KLA.

References

Ansell, C., & Gash, A. (2007). Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(4), 543–571. http://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/mum032

Bakar, H. A. (2017). Pemetaan Pusat Pelayanan Terpadu Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Anak (P2TP2A) Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies, 7(1), 107. http://doi.org/10.15548/jk.v7i1.168

Duadji, N. (2017). Model Percepatan Kota Layak Anak. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Penelitian Unggulan Perguruan Tinggi. Lampung, Indonesia.

Duadji, N., & Tresiana, N. (2017). Kota Layak Anak yang Berkelanjutan. Bandar Lampung: Aura Press.

Friedman, J. (2011). Insurgencies, Essay in Planning Theory. London & New York: Routledge.

Gaventa, J., & Valderrama, C. (1999, June). Participation, Citizenship and Local Governance. Background Note Prepared for Workshop on ‘Strengthening Participation in Local Governance’. Institute of Development Studies.

Hamudy, M. (2015). Upaya Mewujudkan Kota Layak Anak di Surakarta dan Makassar. Jurnal Bina Praja, 7(2), 149–160. http://doi.org/10.21787/JBP.07.2015.149-160

Innes, J. E., & Booher, D. E. (2000). Beyond Collaboration: Democratic Governance for a Resilient Society. In Planning with Complexity: An Introduction to Collaborative Rationality for Public Policy. Routledge.

IULA (International Union of Local Authorities, & UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). (2001). Partnerships to Create Child-Friendly Cities: Programming for Child Rights with Local Authorities. Florence: UNICEF.

Lynch, K. (Ed.). (1977). Growing up in Cities: Studies of the Spatial Environment of Adolescence in Cracow, Melbourne, Mexico City, Salta, Toluca, and Warszawa. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Mahendra, G. K. (2017). Analisis Implementasi Kebijakan Kota Layak Anak Bidang Kesehatan Ramah Anak. Journal of Health Studies, 1(2), 95–104. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unisayogya.ac.id/ejournal/index.php/JHeS/article/view/245

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: UI Press.

Sari, S. R. (2015). Membangun Kota Ramah Anak dengan Budaya Kota Berserambi Baca. Jurnal Sosial Budaya, 12(2), 215–224. Retrieved from http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/SosialBudaya/article/view/1942

Soesanto, H. (2017). Development of Innovation Project as the Result of Leadership Training Through the Innovation Actor Collaboration Model in the Region. Jurnal Bina Praja, 9(2), 335–343. http://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.09.2017.335-343

The CFC Initiative. (2011). Retrieved October 27, 2014, from http://www.childfriendlycities.org/en/overview/the-cfcinitiative

Tresiana, N. (2015). Perumusan Kebijakan Pendidikan yang Berperspektif Gender di Provinsi Lampung. Jurnal Borneo Administrator, 11(2). http://doi.org/10.24258/jba.v11i2.192

Tresiana, N., & Duadji, N. (2016). Multi Stakeholders Governance Body Model In Achieving the Excellence Public Policy. MIMBAR, Jurnal Sosial Dan Pembangunan, 32(2), 401. http://doi.org/10.29313/mimbar.v32i2.1879

Tresiana, N., & Duadji, N. (2017). Model Pengembangan Pengelolaan Pariwisata Berbasis Komunitas. Laporan Penelitian Produk Terapan Kemenristekdikti Tahun Anggaran 2017. Bandar Lampung, Indonesia.

Woltjer, J. (2000). Consensus Planning: The Relevance of Communicative Planning Theory in Dutch Infrastructure Development. Ashgate.
Published
2018-05-12
How to Cite
DUADJI, Noverman; TRESIANA, Novita; PUTRI, Rahmah Dianti. Acceleration Model of Child-Friendly City/District in Lampung Province. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 147-157, may 2018. ISSN 2503-3360. Available at: <http://binaprajajournal.com/ojs/index.php/jbp/article/view/365>. Date accessed: 22 may 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.10.2018.147-157.
Section
Articles