Finding Out the Potency of Nusa Tenggara Timur in Poverty Allevation

The Effect of Local Government's Policy

  • Erlinda Matondang Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Indonesia

Abstract

Poverty issue in Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) has happened for several years. Some efforts have been done, but there is no significant impact. Poverty issue in NTT is being the concern of Indonesia’s government not only because the high number of poorer, but also the location which is in border territory of Indonesia-Timor Leste. Actually, realized or not, NTT has great potencies behind the problem caused by its dry soil and some social issue in its society. Some of those potencies are able to be seen in five local economic sectors, i.e. demography, forestry, farming and animal husbandry, trading, and tourism. This article is written to explain how big potencies of NTT and how to manage it in order to alleviate poverty. The approach used in this article is qualitative approach with literature review as collecting data method. There is no special method used in analysing this article; it is just objective analysis based on current data, situation, and condition. Based on the analysis, there are so many potencies in NTT, but they have not been developed well, whereas people stuck in current situation, so there is no significant achievement in poverty alleviation efforts. Potency utilization can be optimally hold through strategic, effective, and efficient efforts supported by government, both national and local, and NTT society. Through potency optimization, poverty rate in NTT should be able to be push down.

References

Aba, F. X. L., Yussof, O. M., & Binti Mohd, S. (2015). Analysis of Economic Structure in Poverty Eradication in The Province of East Nusa Tenggara Indonesia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211, 81–88. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.013

ACAPS Briefing Notes: Indonesia Drought. (2016). ACAPS.

Alvarez, S. A., Barney, J. B., & Newman, A. M. B. (2015). The Poverty Problem and the Industrialization Solution. Asia Pacific Journal Management, 32, 23–37. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-014-9397-5

Andrianto, A. (2006). The Role of District Government in Poverty Alleviation: Case Studies in Malinau and West Kutai Districts, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Bogor: Center for International Forestry Research. http://doi.org/10.17528/cifor/002094

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2012). Profil Kemiskinan di Indonesia September 2012.

BPS-Statistics of Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. (2016). Nusa Tenggara Timur Province in Figures 2016. Jakarta: BPS-Statistics of Nusa Tenggara Timur Province.

Buhaerah, P. (2016). Poverty and Human Rights: New Direction in Poverty Eradication. Jurnal Bina Praja, 8(2), 221–230. http://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.08.2016.221-230

Fritzen, S. (2002). Growth, Inequality and the Future of Poverty Reduction in Vietnam. Journal of Asian Economics, 13(5), 635–657. http://doi.org/10.1016/S1049-0078(02)00173-2

Kementerian Kehutanan Pemerintah Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. (2010). Masterplan Pengembangan dan Pelestarian Cendana Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2010-2030. Kupang: Kementerian Kehutanan Pemerintah Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Retrieved from http://library.forda-mof.org/libforda/koleksi-308-masterplan-pengembangan-dan-pelestarian-cendana-provinsi-nusa-tenggara-timur-tahun-20102030.html

Kwong, M., & Ronnås, P. (2011). Employment Diagnostic Analysis: Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia (No. 95). Employment Sector , Employment Working Paper. Geneva: International Labour Organization. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/employment/Whatwedo/Publications/working-papers/WCMS_162672/lang--en/index.htm

Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 23 of 2014 on Regional Government, Pub. L. No. 23 (2014). Indonesia.

Masterplan Pariwisata Nusa Tenggara Timur 2013-2023. (2012). Kupang: Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia (MP3EI). (2011). Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian & Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional.

Mohamed, M. Z., & Xavier, J. A. (2015). Poverty Alleviation Strategies and New Economic Model in Malaysia. International Academic Research Journal of Economics and Finance, 3(4), 17–31. Retrieved from http://acrpub.com/archive.php?jid=6&archiveyear=2015&archivemonth=March&archivevolumn=3&archiveissue=4

Olinto, P., Beegle, K., Sobrado, C., & Uematsu, H. (2013). The State of the Poor: Where Are the Poor, Where Is Extreme Poverty Harder to End, and What Is the Current Profile of the World’s Poor? Economic Premise, (125), 1–8. Retrieved from https://econpapers.repec.org/article/wbkprmecp/ep125.htm

Page, T., Tate, H., Bunt, C., Potrawiak, A., & Berry, A. (2012). Opportunities for the Smallholder Sandalwood Industry in Vanuatu (ACIAR Technical Reports No. 79). Canberra.

Partnership for Governance Reform. (2011). Kebijakan Pengelolaan Kawasan Perbatasan Indonesia (No. 2/2011). Jakarta. Retrieved from http://www.kemitraan.or.id/policy-paper/policy-paper-no-22011-kebijakan-pengelolaan-kawasan-perbatasan

Priyanto, D., & Diwyanto, K. (2014). Pengembangan Pertanian Wilayah Perbatasan Nusa Tenggara Timur dan Republik Demokrasi Timor Leste. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian, 7(4), 207–220. http://doi.org/10.21082/pip.v7n4.2014.207-220

Suryahadi, A., Suryadarma, D., & Sumarto, S. (2006). Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Indonesia: The Effects of Location and Sectoral Components of Growth. SMERU Working Paper. Jakarta. Retrieved from http://smeru.or.id/en/content/economic-growth-and-poverty-reduction-indonesiathe-effects-location-and-sectoral-components

Taiwo, J. N., & Agwu, M. E. (2016). Problems and Prospects of Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Management Review, 4(6), 18–30. Retrieved from http://www.eajournals.org/journals/international-journal-of-business-and-management-review-ijbmr/vol-4-issue-6-august-2016/problems-prospects-poverty-alleviation-programmes-nigeria/

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2014). Baseline Study for the National Green Export Review for Vanuatu. Port Vila: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
Published
2017-11-28
How to Cite
MATONDANG, Erlinda. Finding Out the Potency of Nusa Tenggara Timur in Poverty Allevation. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 231-242, nov. 2017. ISSN 2503-3360. Available at: <http://binaprajajournal.com/ojs/index.php/jbp/article/view/262>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.09.2017.231-242.
Section
Articles