The Role of Regional Government in Growing Small and Medium Enterprises’ Performance towards Creative Industry in Jambi Province

  • Susi Desmaryani Regional Research and Development Agency (Balitbangda), Jambi Province


Globalization requires Small and Medium enterprises to increase its existence in order to compete in a global world. Small and Medium enterprises have to always increase the creativity to be able to create products that have innovated. Yet currently, SMEs still have obstacles in increasing its existence, such as the poor ability of businesses, the difficulty of access to capital and does not quickly follow the development of science and technology. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of government to grow the performance of SMEs towards creative industry in Jambi Province. The sampling technique for the location and respondents is in a purposive sampling. The provision of sample site and respondents selection is based on the already defined criteria. For locations, there are 7 (seven) locations selected as the samples and 200 for the sample of respondents. The analysis method used is the descriptive analysis depicting government role in improving SMEs performance. The results of the study explain that the government’s support is still low to improve the quality of human resources through education and training. There are still SMEs which have never attended the training because the Department of Industry and Trade has not had a database of SMEs which have attended the training or not. SMEs still have capital problems. The government is not yet optimally introducing technological advances and not yet optimally assisting the development and marketing of products. There is overlapping of the same programs among SKPD that empower SMEs. From the other side, the business climate is already conducive as the government gives ease of permit and smoothness of business. The results of the study recommend (1) to provide education and training equally for SMEs (2) Creation of synergistic between the related SKPD and SMEs (3) Developing microfinance institution to solve the capital problem (3) Jambi Provincial Government needs to build cooperation with universities to do Transfer of science and technology.


Asyhari, & Wasitowati. (2015). Hubungan Triple Helix, Inovasi, Keunggulan Bersaing dan Kinerja. In 2nd Conference in Business, Accounting, and Management (pp. 320–334). Sultan Agung Islamic University.

Gjini, K. (2014). Small and Medium Sized Enterprises; Growth Factors. ESJ, 1. Retrieved from

Harash, E., Al-Timimi, S., & Alsaadi, J. (2014). The Influence of Finance on Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMES). International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), 4(3), 161–167.

Indarti, I., & Anton. (2014). Tantangan Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah dalam Menghadapi ASEAN Economic Communtiy 2015. In 3rd Economics Business Reasearch Festival (Vol. 3, pp. 1013–1028). FEB-UKSW.

Ismail, K., Zaidi, W., Omar, W., Soehod, K., Senin, A. A., & Akhtar, C. S. (2014). Role of Innovation in SMEs Performance : A Case of Malaysian SMEs. In Mathematical Method in Engineering and Economics (pp. 145–149). Prague.

Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2008 on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Pub. L. No. 20 (2008). Indonesia.

Maryati, W. (2012). Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Pemberdayaan Entrepreneurship untuk Mengembangkan Wirausahawan Kecil Menghadapi Persaingan Global. Prosiding Seminas Competitive Advantage, 1(2). Retrieved from

Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. (2014). Ekonomi Kreatif: Kekuatan Baru Indonesia Menuju 2025. Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy.

Mulolli, E., Islami, X., & Skenderi, N. (2015). Human Resource Management Practices and SMEs Performance: Study Based in Kosovo. International Review of Management and Business Research, 4(4).

Ntiamoah, E. B., Li, D., & Kwamega, M. (2016). Impact of Government and Other Institutions’ Support on Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in the Agribusiness Sector in Ghana. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 6, 558–567.

Piterou, A., & Birch, C. (2014). The Role of Higher Education Institutions in Supporting Innovation in SMEs: University-based Incubators and Student Internships As Knowledge Transfer Tools. InImpact: The Journal of Innovation Impact, 7(1), 72–79. Retrieved from

Quaye, I., & Sarbah, A. (2014). Assessing Alternative Sources of Financing for Small & Medium Scale Enterprises in Ghana: Case Study of Savings and Loans Companies (S&Ls) in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, 3(7), 123–136. Retrieved from

Raliby, O., Rusdjijati, R., & Prabowo, N. A. (2013). Standarisasi Produk Guna Meningkatkan Daya Saing IKM Mainan Anak di Kota Magelang. In Simposium Nasional Teknologi Terapan (SNTT) 2013 (pp. 41–47). Retrieved from

Ramdhansyah, & Silalahi, S. A. (2013). Pengembangan Model Pendanaan UMKM Berdasarkan Persepsi UMKM. Jurnal Keuangan & Bisnis, 5(1). Retrieved from

Saragih, F., & Surikayanti. (2015). Analisis Penerapan Akuntansi dan Kesesuaiannya dengan SAK ETAP pada UKM Medan Perjuangan. In Seminar Nasional Ekonomi Manajemen dan Akuntansi (SNEMA) Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Padang (pp. 452–461). Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

Soekarno, G. (2013). Pertumbuhan Industri Kreatif di Surabaya Melalui Upaya Triple Helix dan Keunggulan Bersaing. In Seminar Nasional dan Sidang Pleno ISEI XVI: Mempercepat Penguatan Daya Saing Ekonomi Daerah Menghadapi Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN 2015 (pp. 212–224). Jambi: Pengurus Pusat Ikatan Sarjana Ekonomi Indonesia.

Sudiarta, I. P. L. E., Kirya, I. K., & Cipta, I. W. (2014). Analisis Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kinerja Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) di Kabupaten Bangli. E-Journal Bisma Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 2(1), 11–21. Retrieved from

Uchegbulam, Princess, Akinyele, Samuel, Ibidunni, & Ayodotun. (2015). Competitive Strategy and Performance of Selected SMEs in Nigeria. International Conference on African Development Issues (CU-ICADI) 2105: Social and Economic Models for Development Track, 326–333.

Wuryandani, D., & Meilani, H. (2013). Peranan Kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah dalam Pengembangan Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Publik, 4(1), 103–115.
How to Cite
DESMARYANI, Susi. The Role of Regional Government in Growing Small and Medium Enterprises’ Performance towards Creative Industry in Jambi Province. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 159-169, june 2017. ISSN 2503-3360. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 july 2018. doi: